This sanctuary, deep in the valley and stretching over 258 sq km, boasts of the first ever scientifically managed teak plantation in the world as well as the world’s tallest and oldest teak tree. Besides the astounding array of flora and fauna, it offers challenging treks in the hills and vast lakes for boating. Parambikulam is also a haven for bird watching, and was once the favourite haunt of the legendary ornithologist, Dr Salim Ali. The Chalakudy River, coursing through the sanctuary, has been dammed at three places, creating vast reservoirs ideal for viewing wildlife and birds. Habitat types are very diverse and support a variety of wildlife. Hhile deer, sambar and gaur largely inhabit the forest fringes, the lion-tailed macaque, king cobra, tiger, leopard, civet cat, pangolin, porcupine, jungle cat, cane turtle, and the Ceylon frogmouth roam freely in the interiors. The Parambikulam frog (Rana parambikulamanam is exclusive to the sanctuary. There are plenty of trekking options here. The tribals from the area are usually well-informed guides.
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