Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary encompasses an area of 344.44 sq km and is made up of two discontinuous pockets – Muthanga in the south and Tholpetty in the north. Located 18 km west of Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga is part of the Nilgiri biosphere region, made up of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve in Karnataka and the Mudumalai Sanctuary In Tamil Nadu. The terrain of this sanctuary is undulating and dotted with scattered hillocks. At 1,158 m above mean sea level, Karottimala is the highest peak. One-third of the total area, nearly 110 sq km, is covered in teak, sliver oak, rosewood and eucalyptus plantations. The rest consists of deciduous forests, with a few patches of semi-evergreen trees. Bamboo groves are also abundant. There are different varieties of flora, shrubs and creepers in the forest. According to the 2004 census, elephants number a total of 216 in the Muthanga sanctuary alone, there are also four tigers and six leopards. The spotted deer, sambar and bison are the herbivores found here.

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